Monday, December 25, 2006

Careers: Erle Stanley Gardner

I've never been able to figure out why Raymond Chandler felt he owed such a literary debt to Erle Stanley Gardner. He told Gardner that he'd once copied a Gardner story so closely that he couldn't submit it for publication. I guess he felt it would look like plagiarism. But what did he learn from Gardner? Certainly not style. Certainly not dialogue. Certainly not structure. Writers learn from unlikely sources, true enough. But Chandler seemed to lavish so much praise on Gardner you have to wonder what inspired him exactly.

But Chandler was a snob and when you examine the nature of his praise, you get a sense he was being condescending. He said that only when you wrote at great speed (as Gardner did) could you make such unbeleivable plot turns palatable to otherwise sensible readers. I've always wondered what Gardner made of that. He was no fool.

All this comes to mind because I had several doctor appointments in the past few weeks and I'm always careful to bring fast and uncomplicated reads along with me. For the last few doc visits I brought along Perry Mason novels. Early Perry Mason novels, I should note, when Mason was still a creature of Black Mask rather than The Saturday Evening Post. Throughout his career he was wise enough to recognize one of the great true American boogeymen, big business. His social conscience came fom his days as a lawyer when he represented Native Americans, black Americans and Latino Americans in towns that did not want them.

I still find the Masons good reads. True, Gardner worked with stereotypes--The Bad Wife, The Crooked Cop, The Loyal Servant--and he told his stories largely through (sometimes interminable) dialogue but while I'm reading them I'm almost always caught up in the puzzle he's given us. Nobody is what they claim to be. Everybody has a secret, usually a nasty one, the exception being the tortured person Mason has agreed to take on as a client, usually while shunning much more lucrative work.

The early Masons were written before Gardner decided to make his work "timeless." There is little place description in the later books. He didn't want to "date" them. I like the history I get from the first dozen Masons, from all of the Doug Selbys and even from the A.A. Fairs written during the war years. I enjoy sitting in the tea rooms, bars, mansions, hotels and trains of the Thirties and early Forties. His work became far less interesting when it was shorn of any physical specificity.

The Masons owe much more to the Golden Age than most critics seem to have noticed. Their plot pieces are no less unlikely, the clues no less exotic and the conclusions no less bombastic. But I'm not complaining. Most Golden Age stuff except for John Dickson Carr is difficult for me to gak down. But somehow Perry, Della and Paul make it all fun again.


Anonymous said...

I recall reading somewhere that Gardner admired Chandler's pulp yarns enough to intervene with an editor in order to get Chandler a bit more pay.

I thought I read this in Nolan's 'Black Mask Boys', but a quick check of the book didn't turn it up.

If it is true, and Chandler knew of it, it might help explain his supportive attitude toward Gardner.

Anonymous said...

Even a cat can look at a king. Gardner was one of the best selling authors ever. Even before he created Perry Mason, ESG polled higher than Hammett in a survey of Black Mask readers. Besides ESG's specailty was plotting usually based on a switched weapon. Has anyone ever discovered who killed the chauffeur in The Big Sleep?

Anonymous said...

Funny, but I was fortunate to have a nun in grammar school -- fifth grade, if I recall -- who used to *assign* Perry Mason books for us youngsters to read.

Pretty funny, eh? Sister Stella was her name... and a bear for making us read, and read above our grade levels.

Anonymous said...

John, You're thinking of Dash Hammett. When Hammett wanted to quit Black Mask over pay issues, Gardner offered to cut a cent from his per-word rate and give it to Hammett. I think this happened pre-Shaw. Anyway, whoever was in charge said no way, and Hammett quit. The story is indeed in The Black Mask Boys, by the way, but in Hammett's section.

Anonymous said...

Hey thanks, Brian!
I knew there was a memory there, and was driving myself nuts because I couldn't pin it down.
Now I see why.
Nothing like getting old.